Tuesday, February 28, 2012

February 29th

Alois Szerencsics (29-02-1908 - ?) Austrian composer

Alois Szerencsics has problems selected in the FIDE Album and some of his works are quoted in "Problempalette. Schachprobleme österr. Autoren aus den Jahren 1901-1970" (1972) or in "Problempalette II" (1991) by Friedrich Chlubna and Klaus Wenda.

Ebner, Bruno & Szerencsics, Alois
1st WCCT, 1972
11th Place, 1972-1975

#3 v 5 + 6

Show Solution
Szerencsics, Alois
Schach-Aktiv TT, 1983
1st Prize

#2 vv 10 + 11

Show Solution

Monday, February 27, 2012

February 28th

Александр Фёдорович Феоктистов (28-02-1948) Russian composer and Grandmaster (Aleksandr Fyodorovich Feoktistov)

Aleksandr Feoktistov is the Grandmaster of the day. He's an expert in many fields and many of his works are memorable. You are certainly waiting forward to see some examples and we won't disappoint you:

Феоктистов, Александр Фёдорович
WCCT, 2008
2nd Place

s#3 9 + 13

Show Solution
One could also quote a #3 with a 3x3 Zagoruiko with 3 black promotions (1...a1=Q/B/S). But, since we are quite fond of batteries, we choose this one:

Феоктистов, Александр Фёдорович
Сельская жизнь 1969
1st Prize

#3 10 + 10

Show Solution
Can Feoktistov compose non-direct mate problems? A possible answer is the following item:

Феоктистов, Александр Фёдорович
Всероссийский конкурс 1992
1st Prize

h#34 solutions 6 + 12

Show Solution

Sunday, February 26, 2012

February 27th

Петко Андонов Петков (27-02-1942) Bulgarian composer and Grandmaster (Petko Andonov Petkov) 

Petko Petkov and cat Mandy

We can quote KoBulChess.com: Petko Petkov is the best Bulgarian chess composer. Since he is the leader in the world rank list with 369.75 points in the FIDE Albums (with 125 points more than the second-placed!), it might be said that as far as FIDE Albums are concerned, he is the best in the world.

Not only is his output overwhelming (the number of his published problems is about 6000), but his problems are rich in themes and technically impeccable (and gained him more than 2400 distinctions). He has been twice World Champion in selfmates and fairy problems.

After 1989, he started publishing theoretical articles in Western chess problem magazines. The number of these articles is also flabbergasting: more than 100.

In fact, Petko Petkov is a whole team of composers, theoreticians and writers by himself.

In his spare time, Petko Petkov also invented fairy conditions and pieces (AntiAndernach, Eiffel, half-neutral pieces). He actively supported Bulgarian composers and founded the Bulgarian chess composition school, but he also generously supported other composers and magazines, such as the Romanian fairy composing school and the Romanian magazine Quartz.

In 1996, French magazine Diagrammes issued two booklets with Petkov’s selected prize problems. In 2000, U.S. author Mike Prcic published "Petkov - Selected Compositions". His latest book was "The Art of Composing Selfmates" published in the USA in 2007. He is also selfmate and fairy editor for StrateGems and Shahmatna Misal and fairy editor for Uralski Problemist.

The Bulgarian specialty (selfmate) is an appropriate appetizer:

Петков, Петко Андонов
Olympic Tourney Novi Sad, 1990
1st Prize

s#5 12 + 11

Show Solution
His Olympic victory in the blitz-competition in Skopje 1972 (part helpmates):

Петков, Петко Андонов & Гандев, Красимир
Olimp. T. Skopje, 1972

            h#2       6 + 9

Show Solution
Another helpmate, just for the pleasure of it:

Петков, Петко Андонов
Buletin Problemistic, 1977
1st Prize

h#2                5 + 10
Show Solution
And this fairy fourmover, just to show how much content Petko can put in only 4 pieces:

Петков, Петко Андонов
feenschach (113/6763) 1994

#4 2 + 2
Chameleon Queen : b8
Chameleon Rook : b7

Show Solution

February 26th

Bo Waldemar Lindgren (26-02-1927 - 04-06-2011) Swedish composer and Grandmaster

Bo Lindgren and Norman Macleod
Benidorm 1990

Bo Lindgren was the son of Fritjof Lindgren (see February 23rd). International Judge since 1966 and Grand Master since 1980, he was the editor of the problem columns of Skakbladet from 1952 until 1957 and collaborated with Stella Polaris from 1966 until 1970.
A collection of 197 of his best problems was published in 1978 by Walther Jørgensen, titled "Maskrosor" (Dandelions).

John Rice wrote an inspiring two-part article "The Lindgren Legacy" selecting 52 of Lindgren's problems in The Problemist November 2011 and January 2012: a worthy homage to the Swedish GM. The problems below were also quoted by John Rice.

Let's start with a longmover:

Lindgren, Bo Waldemar
Probleemblad, 2000
2nd Prize

#12 11 + 13
Show Solution
Lindgren, Bo Waldemar
Mat (Beograd) 1984

3 + 3
Show Solution
One of Bo Lindgren's most impressive achievements was the following series selfmate:

Lindgren, Bo Waldemar
feenschach, 1987
Dedicated to Walter Jörgensen for his 70th birthday
1st Prize

Ser-s#42              9 + 10

Show Solution
Lindgren, Bo Waldemar
Ujcs, 1951
1st Prize

s#5 12 + 3

Show Solution

Saturday, February 25, 2012

February 25th

János Lázár (25-02-1909 - 01-05-1981) Hungarian composer

János Lázár

János Lázár was a study composer. He published his first study in 1936 and accomplished his first success in the same year. He was particularly interested in Rook endgames and in twin studies. More details, as well as three other studies, can be seen on this page.

Lázár, János
Magyar Sakkélet, May 1952 (647)
2nd Prize

= 7 + 6

Show Solution

Friday, February 24, 2012

February 24th

Georges Emile Barbier (24-02-1844 - 16-12-1895) French composer

Barbier became famous for the 1895 endgame study which was initially published as a draw study, until Rev. Saavedra found the winning promotion.

Saavedra, Fernando & Barbier, Georges Emile
Glasgow Weekly Citizen, 1895

+ 2 + 2
Show Solution
For a quick look at the history of this endgame, you may look at the Wikipedia webpage. For further details and a reproduction of Barbier's column in the Weekly Citizen, browse Tim Krabbé's website.

Consider solving the problem below, for the fun of it:

Barbier, Georges Emile
Brooklyn Standard Union 27/01/1894

-1 & #1 3 + 2
White retracts one moves and mates in one.
Show Solution

Thursday, February 23, 2012

February 23rd

Fritjof Lindgren (23-02-1897 - 08-11-1957) Swedish composer

Fritjof Lindgren composed more than 600 problems, most of them three-movers and many excellent miniatures. He also wrote some books about chess composition: "Schackkuriosa", "Moderna svenska schackproblem" (1936) and "33 Schackminiatyrer" (1937).
He was the father of GM Bo Lindgren - more about Bo in another post.
Here is a example of his threemovers:

Lindgren, Fritjof
Stockholms Schacksällskap, O. W. Robert Sahlberg J.T. 1916
2nd Prize

#3 6 + 9

Show Solution

Wednesday, February 22, 2012

February 22nd

Edith Elina Helen Baird - née Winter-Wood (22-02-1859 - 01-02-1924) British composer

Edith Baird

Edith Baird is renowned for her works (a total of 2000 problems) as well as for the books she wrote : "Seven Hundred Chess Problems" in 1902 (which can be downloaded here) and "The Twentieth Century Retractor" in 1907.

Let's quote the justifiably proud ChessDevon website:
In 1893, for instance, she entered The Hackney Mercury 3-mover tournament, with a limit of 6 pieces. Most of the great composers of the time had entered, - B. G. Laws, P. H. Williams and James Raynor among them, but she won 1st prize. As one American critic observed, "The fact that the tourney assumed an almost international character rendered the triumph of the distinguished lady victor as noteworthy as it was creditable".
Here is this first prize: 

Baird, Edith Elina Helen
Hackney Mercury, 1893
1st Prize

#3 5 + 1

Show Solution

Tuesday, February 21, 2012

February 21st

Let's start mentioning in passing Sawielly Tartakower (21-02-1887 - 05-02-1956) the Polish-French chess player and witty writer whose aphorisms are remembered by all well-read chess players.

Karel Pospíšil (21-02-1867 - 06-04-1929) Czech composer

Karel Pospíšil was a pianist and music composer, but also a chess composer.
The problem below has nice key and a brutal threat, but the variations deserve being sought:

Pospíšil, Karel
Světozor, 1885

#3 9 + 12

Show Solution

Monday, February 20, 2012

February 20th

Herman Leonard Jonsson (20-02-1860 - 31-12-1936) Swedish composer

"Problem" September 1969
[Thanks to Александр Никитин ]

Herman L. Jonsson mostly composed orthodox direct mates. This one is definitely not too easy to solve:

Jonsson, Herman Leonard
Jamaica Gleaner, 1885
1st Prize

#2 12 + 8

Show Solution

Sunday, February 19, 2012

February 19th

Francis Charles Collins (19-02-1843 - 29-07-1898) British composer

Francis C. Collins published in 1881 an anthology titled "A Selection of 107 Chess Problems".

Collins, Francis Charles
Collins: Selection of 107 Chess Problems, 1881 (104)

s#3 7 + 9
Show Solution

Saturday, February 18, 2012

February 18th

Meindert Niemeijer (18-02-1902 - 05-10-1987) Dutch composer and International Master

Meindert Niemeijer

Niemeijer was a prolific author of 600 chess problems and of over 30 books and brochures. He worked in the insurance business like Wolfgang Pauly and also collected chess books. He gave his 7000-book collection to the Koninklijke Bibliotheek in The Hague in 1948, which now detains the richest chess books collection - the "Bibliotheca Van der Linde-Niemeijeriana".

Niemeijer also wrote a monography about Wolfgang Pauly which was the reference book about the Romanian composer until Marian Stere published his voluminous "Challenge of a Legacy" in 2001. Niemeijer also dedicated a problem to W.Pauly at the occasion of Pauly's 50th birthday:

Niemeijer, Meindert
Funkschach, 1926 (Dedicated to Wolfgang Pauly)

#4 11 + 15

Show Solution

Niemeijer, Meindert
Задачи и этюды 1928
1st HM

#3 10 + 4

Show Solution

Thursday, February 16, 2012

February 17th

Виктор Александрович Калягин (17-02-1953 - 26-10-2010) Russian composer (Viktor Alexandrovich Kalyagin)

Kalyagin is a study composer. The selected endgame study below is not too complicated and should not give the reader any headache (those who want tougher nuts can take a look at this one)

Калягин, Виктор Александрович
Olimpiev JT Уральский проблемист 2001
Special Honorable Mention

+ 3 + 4

Show Solution

Wednesday, February 15, 2012

February 16th

Knud Harald Hannemann (16-02-1903 - 01-05-1981) Danish composer and International Master

Knud Hannemann is another legend of chess problems. He wrote an anthology of his chess problems: "The Danish wizard: one hundred chess problems of Knud Harald Hannemann selected by their author".
We have selected only from the problems that have appeared in the FIDE Albums:

Hannemann, Knud Harald
Skakbladet, 1929
1st Prize

#2 12 + 9

Show Solution
Hannemann, Knud Harald
Skakbladet, 1919
1st Prize

#3 10 + 10

Show Solution
Hannemann, Knud Harald
Skakbladet, 1919

s#3 7 + 6

Show Solution

February 15th

Daniel Papack (15-02-1957) German composer and International Master

Many problems could be quoted. Let's just choose one with a rare combination of themes:

Papack, Daniel
Hlas ľudu, 1995
1st Prize

#2 11 + 7

Show Solution

Monday, February 13, 2012

February 14th

Jean Dufresne (14-02-1829 - 13-04-1893) chess player, composer and author

Jean Dufresne [Wikipedia]

He is known for the Evergreen game with Adolf Anderssen, whose student he was and for his "Kleines Lehrbuch des Schachspiels" (1881). What's he doing here?, you may righteously ask. Dufresne also composed some studies, of which you can find a sample below. Our readers will enjoy his anthology published in the end of the 19th century and kindly hosted by Anders Thulin:
"Sammlung leichterer Schachaufgaben, I" (1881)
"Sammlung leichterer Schachaufgaben, II" (1882)
"Sammlung leichterer Schachaufgaben, III" (1887)

An easy study:

Dufresne, Jean
bs53-521, 1910

+ 3 + 3

Show Solution

Sunday, February 12, 2012

February 13th

C. C. Moore (13-02-1830 - ?) American composer

This author is quoted in American Chess-Nuts (1868), for instance:

Moore, C. C.
American Chess-Nuts, 1868 (3-moves / 623)

#3 8 + 4

Show Solution

Saturday, February 11, 2012

February 12th

Александр Дмитриевич Петров (12-02-1794 - 22-04-1867) Russian composer and chess player (Alexandr Dimitrievich Petrov)

Aleksandr D. Petrov [Wikipedia]

Petrov, the first great Russian chess master, was considered as Russia's best player for half of the 19th century. He is the Petrov of Petrov's Defense (also known under the name of Russian game).
His best-known problem is "The Retreat of Napoleon I from Moscow" (St Petersburg 1824) that can be seen on Wikipedia.

Here is an interesting long selfmate:

Петров, Александр Дмитриевич
La Nouvelle Régence, 01/1861

s#13C- 12 + 7

Show Solution
And here is a representative moremover (not too hard to solve):

Петров, Александр Дмитриевич
? 1846

#6 10 + 13

Show Solution

Friday, February 10, 2012

February 11th

Arthur James Mosely (11-02-1867 - 15-04-1930) Australian composer

Arthur Mosely
[from G.Foster and B.Meadley's article in the Problemist]

Some biographical details about Mosely and about his activity at the Brisbane Courier can be found on our Australian friends' website Ozproblems: this is an article by Geoff Foster and Bob Meadly published in The Problemist, November 2005.

Mosely, Arthur James
Good Companion, Apr 1914
2nd Prize

#2* 10 + 10

Show Solution

Thursday, February 9, 2012

February 10th

Konrad Erlinger (10-02-1856 - 31-12-1944) Austrian composer

Konrad Erlinger published problems under the pseudonym of Konrad Erlin. He was a prolific composer, a lover of model mates and of sacrifices of white pieces, and a precursor of the Bohemian school.

Erlinger, Konrad
Good Companions, 1921
1st Prize

#3 8 + 7
Show Solution
Erlinger, Konrad
Beobachter, 1889
1st Prize

#3 7 + 7

Show Solution
Erlinger, Konrad
Illustriertes Familien-Journal 1888
1st Prize
#3......7 + 7

Show Solution

Wednesday, February 8, 2012

February 9th

Valeriu Petrovici (09-02-1932) Romanian composer and editor

Valeriu Petrovici was editor of Romanian magazine Buletin Problemistic (now defunct and replaced by a new magazine, "Componist"). He is the author of a selection of his best problems. He was also the captain of the Romanian team for WCCT8 and the president of the Romanian Chess Composition Committee. He is very keen on historical research about early Romanian composers and also on the Valladao task.

Petrovici, Valeriu
Jubilé Dmitrenko-55, 1998
3rd Prize

s#6 9 + 6

Show Solution
Petrovici, Valeriu
Cupa Federaţiei Române de Şah, 1988
1st-2nd Place

#2* 10 + 8

Show Solution